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Agriculture secretary to visit Extension office June 29

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Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture James Comer is making a four-county visit this Friday, June 29. 

His first stop will be in Owen County, followed by Gallatin, Carroll and Trimble counties.

Comer will be in Carroll County at the Carroll County Extension Office from 3-4 p.m. June 29. Take this unique opportunity to come out to the office and meet your Commissioner of Agriculture.

 

Managing stored wheat

Stored wheat needs proper care to maintain quality.

Sanitation, aeration and monitoring are crucial points to remember when storing your grain during the summer months.

Completely remove the old crop before placing newly harvested wheat into a bin.

Thoroughly sweep the bin wall and floor (including under aeration ducts, if possible) to remove grain kernels that may contain insect larvae or mold spores. A wet-dry vacuum cleaner is an excellent tool to use. 

Apply an approved insecticide both inside and outside the bin to delay insect population development before placing wheat in the bin.

Clean all equipment used to handle grain (combines, carts, trucks and receiving pits/hoppers) thoroughly to remove old grain, trash and debris that might contaminate the new crop. 

Use pressurized air/water.

Check for holes and cracks in bin roofs and walls. Seal them to prevent leaks and entry of insects and rodents.

Grain should be cleaned and stored at 12.5 percent moisture if it will be held into August.

Aeration should be used to cool wheat after drying with heated air.

To a small degree, aeration will control grain temperature if it starts heating during storage, but this may only be a short-term solution. 

If heating cannot be controlled by running the fan, the crop must be moved to another bin (if possible) to break up hot spots in the bin that usually cause the problem.

Check the condition of stored wheat once a week during hot weather to guard against deterioration from molds or insects. 

Run the fan for a few minutes to check for off odors of the air from the grain pile. Lock out unloading auger motor switches before looking inside any bin to check for wet spots on the grain surface.

Feel the top 6 to 12 inches of wheat to monitor temperatures and insect and mold activity.

Use “pitfall” traps to monitor insect activity.  Use three traps per bin. 

Check traps weekly in July and August. In colder months, trap for four days each month.

If insects are detected, have them identified and classified as primary or secondary feeders. Be especially interested in lesser grain borer or true “weevils.” 

If insects are numerous enough to result in a discount or you are planning to hold the grain into the next warm season, consider having it fumigated. 

Always wear dust protection masks when cleaning bins and during inspections.

For more information on grain storage and safety considerations when inspecting stored grain, contact the Carroll County Cooperative Extension Service at (502) 732-7030.

 

Dates of interest

July 4: Fourth of July holiday, Extension office closed.

July 11: Carroll County Agricultural Development Council meeting, 8 p.m., Carroll County Extension Office.

 

Christin Herbst is the Carroll County Extension agent for agriculture and natural resources. Call her at (502) 732-7030 or send e-mail to Christin.Herbst@uky.edu.